Duong Lam Ancient Village (Hanoi, Vietnam)



Duong Lam is an ancient village located in outskirt of Hanoi. It takes about one and a haft hour from Hanoi center to this area. This is a famous place associated with many historical stories about two kings of Vietnam: King Ngo Quyen and King Phung Hung. Duong Lam Ancient Village has a history of about 1,200 years and is well-known for its surviving laterite brick houses, built three to four centuries ago. Laterite is red clay formed from weathered basalt found in northern Vietnam. The village is also famous nationwide as “the hometown of two kings”.

For tangible culture relic, Duong Lam has 21 relic sites, consisting of temples, pagodas and tombs and ten of which have been classified as national and provincial relics. For intangible cultural relic, Duong Lam has preserved various festivals, customs and literature on the people and land of Duong Lam through different period of time. For ecological environment, Duong Lam has many beautiful scenes linked with legendary stories such as Guom Hill, Ho Gam Hill and tales on the two kings Phuong Hung and Ngo Quyen.

Ancient houses at Duong Lam village

Duong Lam ancient village is very famous for ancient houses system.  The main material to build the houses here is laterite – very popular material in this area. Local people were dug the laterite from underground and hew them to be different shapes, normally rectangular blocks, to build and decorate the houses.

Nowadays, Duong Lam village still retains most of the basic characteristics of a village of Vietnam with port village, trees, courtyard, temples, well, water fields… The roads of Duong lam were special because they have the shape as the bones of fish. Some features are still kept in Duong Lam ancient village is the old village gate in Mong Phu village. Duong Lam village still conserves about 800 ancient houses. The structure of a normal ancient houses in Duong Lam includes the main gate, the garden, the yard, the main house, outbuilding, kitchen, well and  livestock barn. The main house is the most important part where all the family live and worship ancestor. Each family has from three to five generations stay together. Few houses here were built from 1803 and many other were built from middle of XIX century. Around the ancient houses are the paths, green gardens with betel and areca trees. Around the village are banyan trees, village’s gate, rice fields, temple, wells. All of them combine together and make an unique ancient village with the features of ancient Vietnam, a peaceful area that is very hard to find in the modern life of the cities.

Location: Hanoi, Vietnam
Address: Son Tay Town
More information: 40 km to the west of Hanoi
Opening hours: All hours
Entrance fee: Free

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