Hue capital citadel was built in 1805 under the reign of King Gia Long and accomplished in 1832 under the reign of King Minh Mang. Under Nguyen dynasty, kings had built ramparts, palaces and constructional works of royal. Until now, it still has original wit nearly 140 small and large constructions. The citadel has square shape, 6 meters height 21 meters thick and 10 entrances. Besides, there has 24 bastions were established with the aim of defensive rival.
Famously being one of Vietnam’s seven UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the Imperial City of Hue has long been a must-see attraction for tourists visiting a hidden charm of Vietnam. The Imperial City of Hue was actually a walled fortress and palace belonged to the ancient city of Hue which was a capital city of the Nguyen Dynasty for 140 years date back from 1805 until 1945.
The grandeur architecture was planned to be built in 1803 by Gia Long – an emperor who founded the Nguyen Dynasty. During 27 years from 1805 to 1832, the Imperial City of Hue was finally completed under the reign of Minh Mang, making it the most massive structure being built in the history of modern Vietnam involving thousands of workers, millions cubic meters of rock and huge volume of burden workload. It locates on the northern bank of Huong River, turning South with total land area of 520 ha. The place was made UNESCO Site in 1993 with the remained buildings being actively restored and preserved after the destruction from the Vietnam War.
Tu Cam Thanh (Forbidden citadel) is situated inside the Imperial city. It was constructed early in the reign of Gia Long in 1804 with 3.72 meter height 0.72 meter thick. Forbidden citadel consists of 50 architectural constructions and 7 entrances. In addition, Hue is also famous for royal tombs and temples of Nguyen dynasty. 7 tombs are not only a wonderful art but also symbols for Hue architecture.
The Imperial City of Hue has a circumference of 10 kilometers with the height of 6.6 meters and 21 meters thick with forts being meanderingly arranged, accompanied by cannons, artilleries and ammunitions. Initially the fortress was built solely by soil, only to be replaced by bricks afterward. Surrounding the city is the complicated canal system served not only as a protection but also as a waterway with nearly seven kilometers.
There is no difficulty getting to the Imperial City. From Phu Bai International Airport, head straight to 1A Highway and you’ll be standing right next to a massive gate leading its way inside; just prepare 50.000 VND for the ticket and all there’s left for you to do is sightseeing the magnificence of the Imperial City of Hue.